New laws will come into effect at the beginning of 2023 in these states

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 Translated by: Marwa Maqbool - With the start of the first hours of the new year, some states passed some laws, which took effect today, Sunday, related to taxes and the minimum wage, in addition to some other matters related to the personal freedom of Americans, according to NBC .

New laws will come into effect at the beginning of 2023 in these states


abortion

California and New York allow abortions up to the 24th week of pregnancy, but have passed some laws aimed at making the procedure more accessible.

California will allow nurses and physician assistants to perform abortions without the supervision of a physician. In New York, the law requires private insurance companies to cover abortion services, without the need for co-payments or coinsurance.

Tennessee also passed a new law prohibiting abortion pills from being dispensed by mail or in pharmacies, unless they are dispensed by a medical professional.

taxes

Last year, at least 75% of states passed permanent or one-time tax cuts that will go into effect this month.

In Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina and South Carolina, the percentage of income tax that is withheld from the payroll of workers and employees will be reduced.

Arizona's income tax rate will also drop to 2.5% beginning this January, a year earlier than planned due to the state's strong revenues.

Iowa will revamp its income tax rate as a first step toward a flat tax, and will stop taxing retirement income.

Kansas will cut sales tax on groceries, Virginia will cut tax on groceries and personal hygiene products, and Colorado will also raise taxes on hygiene products, but will impose a 10-cent fee on plastic bags as a prelude to eliminating them in 2024.

Rhode Island will tax military pensions, and the state of Georgia will provide a tax credit for donations to local law enforcement.

In contrast, the voter-approved "millionaire tax" will go into effect in Massachusetts, which will charge an additional 4% on income over $1 million.

And in Wyoming, producers of coal, oil, gas and uranium will have to pay monthly taxes rather than 18 months after extraction. The change came after some counties had difficulty collecting millions of dollars owed by coal companies that had declared bankruptcy.

wages

Workers in 23 states will get a wage increase ranging from 23 cents in Michigan to $1.50 in Nebraska, while a new minimum wage law of $8 to $9.50 an hour that won approval in November will be enforced. The highest minimum wage in Washington is $15.74 an hour, which is more than twice the federal rate.

A new law in Washington would also require employers and companies to disclose information about job salaries and benefits in job advertisements, rather than waiting until a job interview.

Workers in Colorado and Oregon will be subject to some deductions to fund paid family leave programs, which are claimed if a family member becomes seriously ill, has a new baby, or recovers from an assault or family violence. These vacations will be claimed in Oregon in September and Colorado in 2024.

Bail

Illinois is set to join several states that have eliminated cash bail for people accused of crimes, including California, Indiana, New Jersey, Nebraska and New York. But that measure was put on hold until late December after 64 counties objected to it and declared it "unconstitutional".

Bail is seen as a way to ensure that people caught are brought to justice, but critics say the system penalizes the poor.

Marijuana laws

Maryland has become the 21st state to legalize the recreational use of marijuana, after voters approved the legislation in November. The law will enter into force on July 1, 2023.

But adult possession of up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis will become a civil offense punishable by a maximum fine of $100, an initial step implemented this month.

Connecticut will also join 21 other states that have legalized recreational marijuana in applying an automatic expungement of convictions for possession of less than 4 ounces of marijuana to convictions imposed from 2000 through September 2015.

The hidden weapon

Alabama will become the 25th state to legalize the carrying of a concealed weapon without a permit.

Homeless

A new Missouri law will ban homeless people from sleeping on state land without permission, and violators could face up to 15 days in jail and a $500 fine after an initial warning.

The law also prohibits the use of state funding for permanent housing for the homeless, instead directing it toward temporary shelters, substance use assistance, and mental health treatment.

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