American Women's Equality Day ..a struggle that lasted 102 years

American Women's Equality Day..a struggle that lasted 102 years and brought her closer to the presidency


American Women's Equality Day

 


In the 2016 election, Hillary Clinton was one step closer to entering the White House as America's first female presidential candidate, and in the 2020 election, Kamala Harris as a woman became Vice President for the first time in US history.

Today, Friday, August 26, American women celebrate 102 years since the adoption of the nineteenth amendment to the American Constitution on August 26, 1920, which gave women the right to vote, and established equality in rights and duties between them and men.

And in 1940, the first American woman ran for president, Grace Alan, who faced Franklin Roosevelt, and although she did not get votes in the competition, she then encouraged other women to compete for the presidency, even if they were from small parties that are not very popular. , to face men and senior politicians in the presidential elections.

historical development

Although the right to vote is the cornerstone of democracy and should be available to all citizens, this was not always the case in America. Until recently, most states deprived half of their residents of the right to vote while denying this right to women.

To claim their right, women began the struggle for the right to vote in the early nineteenth century, which continued until they obtained the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, which was ratified in 1920, to guarantee voting rights for all, and to prevent states and the federal government from denying citizens the right to vote. Voting on the basis of gender.

The Nineteenth Amendment became a historical starting point that pushed the Americans to the political and military front in the country. The years following this amendment witnessed the emergence of prominent women's names on the scene in the United States.

History of Women's Equality Day

Women's Equality Day, celebrated on August 26 every year, reminds us of the obstacles and heroism women overcame and faced violence and discrimination in order to advance the women's movement.

In the early nineteenth century, American women, who generally could not inherit property and earned half a man's wages in any available jobs, began organizing to demand political rights and fair representation.

By the early twentieth century, several countries including Finland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom had legalized voting for women, and this movement has continued to sweep across the world. According to nationaltoday

In the United States, the proposed Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution was first introduced in 1878, but failed to gain support. After the significant participation of women in the efforts of World War I, the claim to women's suffrage was finally beginning to gain support. While women's rights groups pointed to the contradiction of the positions of officials in America who call for the struggle for democracy in Europe, while depriving half of the American citizens at home of this right.

Because a constitutional amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of the states, 36 states had to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment before it could be passed. The decisive vote in the Tennessee legislature came from Harry T. Byrne, the young state representative whose mother's plea for support of the amendment became a decisive factor in his vote, which changed it at the last minute.

Important stations

According to the “Al- Hurra ” website , the American women’s struggle went through several stages before reaching Equality Day, when the women’s rights movement began, on the occasion of the Seneca Falls Conference, New York, in which a report was presented that criticized the status of women in American society, and explicitly demanded that they be given the right to vote.

During the conference, the Seneca Falls Convention was signed on July 19-20, 1848, the first women's rights agreement organized by women in America, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, and constituted a real beginning that paved the way for the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment.

After about two decades, women's demands began to expand until they reached the formation of a large women's organization under the name of the American National Organization for Women's Rights in 1890, led by the well-known feminist activist "Susan Anthony".

We still remember the American women fighters who worked to establish the principle of equal opportunities for men and women, from the right to vote to other political and social rights, such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Ida B. Wells and Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone and Alice Paul.

In 1916, Alice Paul founded the National Women's Party, which focused on the demand to amend the federal constitution, and the right to vote for women in all American states, which was actually done on August 26, 1920, when Congress adopted the nineteenth amendment, also known as the "Amendment Susan B. Anthony", which gives women the right to vote.

On November 2, 1920, more than 8 million women voted for the first time, although 12 states had not yet signed the amendment, as the unanimity of the US states on the amendment and signing it took more than 60 years, and Mississippi was the last ratification on March 22 1984.

Since then, many elite women have entered the world of politics, and Annie Sims Banks was the first woman to represent the Republican Party in Kentucky.

consecutive gains

Women's struggle for equal rights did not stop at the right to vote only, but extended to demand all rights, and we refer here to the many gains that women achieved during this struggle.

On October 16, 1916, Margaret Sanger opened America's first birth control clinic in Brooklyn, and Sanger's efforts led to the creation of today's Planned Parenthood.

On May 20, 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman and second female pilot ever to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean.

On December 1, 1955, black seamstress Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, helping launch the civil rights movement.

On January 22, 1973, the landmark decision in Roe v. Wade was issued, the US Supreme Court affirmed a woman's constitutional right to abortion, a decision that the Supreme Court overturned in 2022, and the struggle over it flared up again.

On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride flew aboard the space shuttle Challenger, becoming the first American woman in space.

On January 20, 2021, Kamala Harris was sworn in as the first woman and first woman of color to hold the office of Vice President of the United States.

According to nationaltoday , the struggle of American women continues today, especially in light of the persistent wage gap between men and women that affects women's economic power, and gender discrimination still exists in the workplace and business transactions.

women in the army

Women have played important non-combat roles in the US military in medical and operational positions, but combat positions were open only to women in 2013.

Women often fought disguised as men. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, especially during the Civil War, few women were drafted into the army disguised as men.

There is only one female Medal of Honor recipient, Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, a Union contract surgeon who served time as a Confederate prisoner of war and was awarded the Medal of Honor for her efforts, and to date remains the only woman to receive the highest military honor.

Women made important contributions to World War II. More than 400,000 women served in World War II as nurses, pilots, ambulance drivers, and in other important secondary roles.

Women were not previously allowed to continue serving if they became pregnant, but today, all branches of the military offer maternity uniforms to service members who expect to do so.

How do we celebrate Women's Equality Day?

– The first thing that can be done on Women’s Equality Day is for men to express their gratitude to the women who influence their lives, among other things, to celebrate with the special girls and women in our lives.

On Women's Equality Day, it's important to thank the important women in your life, we all depend on hardworking women - mothers, grandmothers, partners, sisters and friends. So take the time today to thank them for all the physical and emotional work they do for others!

Also support women-owned businesses, and use your consumer power to support female entrepreneurs. You can find listings of women-owned businesses on the Small Business Administration's website or by contacting your local chamber of commerce.

Women's Equality at Work Day can be celebrated by giving cards to the women in your office, taking time to acknowledge their hard work, and throwing a happy girls' party.

You can also collect donations for charities and organizations that support women’s empowerment.

Host prominent women as speakers and featured guests on various virtual and live events.

You can share your success stories on social media under the hashtag #WomensEqualityDay. Discussing issues faced by women and offering solutions and assistance.

Register to Vote Women and their allies have fought for decades to win the right to vote. So do your part to honor their sacrifice by making sure you register to vote in your community.

Why do we love Women's Equality Day?

Gives us a chance to learn: Take some time on Women's Equality Day to review the history of your women, and learn about the fascinating history of women's rights in the United States and internationally.

Reminds us to show gratitude: It's not always easy to remember to thank those who do so much for us. Use Women's Equality Day as a reminder to do something meaningful for the important woman in your life.

Reminds us of what to do: Despite significant progress in the past century and a half, women in the United States and around the world still face occupational obstacles, domestic violence, and other barriers to their advancement and success.

Sign numbers

18- The number of countries in which husbands are legally entitled to prevent their wives from working.

39 - The number of countries in which sons and daughters do not have equal inheritance rights.

1 in 5 - Women and girls have been physically and/or sexually assaulted by a partner.

23.7% - the percentage of women's representation in national parliaments.

108 – The number of years it will take to close the gender gap.

6- The number of countries that give women equal rights to work as men.

2.24 - The number of men for every female character in movies.

47% - Percentage of women more likely to be seriously injured in car crashes because safety features are designed for men.

13% - the proportion of women working in the field of agriculture worldwide.

40% - the percentage decrease in the proportion of girls' child marriage in South Asia since 2000.

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